Since the opening of the website a number of questions
about soil problems, reclamation, drainage systems,
irrigation, land and water management, and statistics
have reached me.
Sometimes I was unable to provide an adequate answer. However, there were questions I could categorize and answer collectively through generalized texts that were made for the occasion. More papers can be found on the "articles" page and the "reports & cases" pages. 
Software & models Articles & manuals Artículos (in Spanish, en Español) Published reports & cases Particular reports & cases Update record Home page

The following 27 questions were frequently asked.
They are arranged by subject: (A) Drainage, (B) Irrigation, (C) Soils, and (D) Statistics. 

5  How can hydraulic conductivity (permeability) of the soil be measured and determined?
6  Drain spacing equations for horizontal tile/pipe drains are well known. Can subsurface drainage also be done by (tube)wells and how can the required spacing be calculated?


10  Is there global information on irrigation statistics, management, and environmental impact?
11  What about water management and soil salinity in alluvial fans or inland delta's?
12  Is irrigation high up in the mountains feasible?
13  What is spate irrigation, how effective is it, and what is its potential?
14  What is tidal irrigation and how does it work?
15  What does the irrigation in Egypt look like after construction of the Aswan High Dam?
16  What is the development of river salinity in downstream direction when, in arid and semi arid regions, the salty river water is used for irrigation of agricultural land and the drainage flow and effluent are returned to the river, and what are the effects on soil salinity and how can eventual problems of salty soils be tackled?




21  What are the principles of cumulative frequency analysis and (discontinuous, composite) probability distributions (used in the CumFreq program, see the software page), and what to do if there is a discontinuity? What is return period and how reliable is it?
22  What are the principles of linear regression
analysis (used in the SegReg program, see the
software page)
) and how are confidence statements and
intervals determined. What is breakpoint (break
point), threshold, and coefficient of explanation
(determination)?
23  The SegReg model (see the
software page
) provides confidence intervals
of the breakpoint in segmented linear regression
analysis to test its statistical significance.
24  Is there a calculator available for the Ftest
described under the previous question?
25  Is there a calculator available for the ttest
using Student's tdistribution in determining
the confidence intervals in (segmented) linear
regression anlysis?
26  Is there also a calculator available for the
cumulative frequency in the normal distribution?
27  Is there a technique to compare averages of different data series and to determine the significance of the difference between them.


For more papers proceed to the articles page, the published reports & cases page, the particular reports page or else return to the home page. 